The students will be able to define and identify acids and bases using our Acids and Bases Lesson Plan. Analytical and communication skills are further developed as students explain the difference between acids and bases. Students also explore the pH scale in an interactive activity, which helps generalize the presence of acids and bases in common items, such as drinks.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction
- Display a base and acid as an example. Ask students to tell the difference between the two liquids. Encourage students to think about the five senses.
- Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students which substance would be most like an acid?
- Allow for responses and discussion. Ask why the other substance is NOT like an acid.
- Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce acids and bases.
- Distribute Acids and Bases content pages. Read and review the information with the students. (If litmus paper available, use it to show students the different colors as it is dipped into the liquids used in the lesson opening.) Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
- Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions. Distribute supplies. The students will use the colored pencils to show the pH scale on the white construction paper, and then should glue the images in the correct places.
- Once completed, check and review the students’ work.
- Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
- Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
- In closing, ask students: Of the acids and bases that are safe to drink, which is your favorite and why?
- Allow for responses and discussion.
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.7
Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions
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