All About Mt. Rushmore

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The lesson introduces students to one of the most interesting and unique monuments in the United States and perhaps the world, Mount Rushmore. The lesson lists the four faces carved into Mount Rushmore and the sculptor, Gutzon Borglum. Some history of both the monument and mountain on which it is sculpted is provided. A detailed description of the process of carving the monument is included, as well as interesting facts about the monument itself and the four presidents featured in the carving. The lesson may be used in conjunction with lessons related to other national monuments and the presidents.

All About Mt. Rushmore Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages All About Mt. Rushmore
  • Hands-on homework activities
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 3-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

The lesson introduces students to one of the most interesting and unique monuments in the United States and perhaps the world, Mount Rushmore. The lesson lists the four faces carved into Mount Rushmore and the sculptor, Gutzon Borglum. Some history of both the monument and mountain on which it is sculpted is provided. A detailed description of the process of carving the monument is included, as well as interesting facts about the monument itself and the four presidents featured in the carving. The lesson may be used in conjunction with lessons related to other national monuments and the presidents.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction: 

  1. Display an image of Mount Rushmore. Ask students if they have ever seen it before and if they can share some information they may know about the monument.
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students if they know of any similar kinds of monuments in the world.  Ask them what they think is unique about Mt. Rushmore.
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce All About Mount Rushmore to the class.
  4. Distribute All About Rushmore content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  5. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  Encourage students to create a poster that will motivate tourists to visit Mount Rushmore.  The students may use the Internet to access images or could draw pictures for the poster.  Allow sufficient time for students to complete.
  6. Once completed, the students will share their posters with another pair of students or with the class.
  7. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  8. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
  9. In closing, ask students: If you could choose four people’s images to create a similar monument today, who would you choose and why?
  10. Encourage students to think about people who may have already passed or other people still alive today. Students must share their reasons for their choices.

Common Core State Standards:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.1-4, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4.1-4, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.1-4, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.6.1-4

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

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Additional information

Grade Level

3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Social Studies