All About South America

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The lesson introduces students to the continent of South America.  Students are familiar with the seven continents but may not have much knowledge of each continent, the countries, people, attractions, and other information about the continent.  This is one lesson in a series of lessons related to each of the seven continents, when students can “travel” around the world learning about other cultures and peoples.  It is recommended students view one or more videos to enhance their “trips” to the continent.

All About South America Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages all about South America
  • Hands-on homework activities
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 3-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

The lesson introduces students to the features and attractions of the continent of South America. The lesson opens by discussing Brazil, the largest country in South America. Geographical features like the Andes Mountains, Amazon River, Amazon Rainforest and Iguazu Falls are mentioned. Six countries are mentioned along with their capital cities and illustrations of their flags, including Chile and Argentina, among others. Finally, attractions like Machu Picchu and the Christ the Redeemer statue are discussed. This is one lesson in a series of lessons related to each of the seven continents, when students can “travel” around the world learning about other cultures and peoples. It is recommended students view one or more videos to enhance their “trips” to the continents.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction:  

  1. Ask students: What place do you think of when you hear the word America?  Why?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask: Is there another place in the world that could be called America?  Why?
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students to identify South America on a map.  Introduce All About South America.
  4. Distribute All About South America content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Use a South America map during the lesson for the students or teacher to identify locations of cities, countries, and other South American places.  Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  5. Distribute Activity pages. Read and review the instructions.  Distribute colored pencils.  Students use the blank map to locate, identify, and label each of the listed countries, cities, and landmarks of South America.  Allow sufficient time for students to complete the activity.
  6. Once completed, students will pair themselves with another student to compare the completed labeled maps, making changes where necessary by using the Internet or other source to confirm a correct location.
  7. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  8. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.  Students share mnemonic devices.
  9. In closing, ask students: If you could travel through the different countries of Brazil, what would you enjoy the most and the least about the journey? Why?
  10. Allow for responses and discussion. Encourage students to be specific, which may simply include who they are traveling with, mode of travel, foods available, etc., as well as the terrain they might like or dislike traveling through.

Common Core State Standards:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.3, 7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, 7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, 7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.3, 7

Class Sessions (45 minutes): at least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources: 

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Want more social studies resources? Check out our other Social Studies Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Social Studies