Arithmetic Patterns

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Patterns are everywhere, and learning patterns can be especially helpful when it comes to math. This lesson focuses specifically on arithmetic patterns. Learning these patterns can help your students add and even subtract faster in their heads. Once students are able to determine a pattern exists, they need to figure out what rule the pattern follows. Several practice and activity sheets are included to give the students ample opportunity to work on this necessary skill. This lesson will be most effective when used in conjunction with other lessons related to patterns.

Arithmetic Patterns Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Arithmetic Patterns
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on comparing and contrasting Arithmetic Patterns
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 3-4 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

The lesson focuses specifically on arithmetic patterns.  Learning these patterns can help your students add and even subtract faster in their heads.  Several addition tables are included with the lesson to give students a visual representation of number patterns.  Once students are able to determine a pattern exists, they must establish what rule the pattern follows, and the lesson provides strategies to determine these rules.  This lesson can be used in conjunction with other lessons related to patterns.

Classroom Instruction:

  1. Begin by drawing patterns using shapes on the board. Explain to students that they have often found the next shapes in the pattern.  But patterns in math can also use addition and subtraction, not just pictures and shapes.
  2. While reading the content pages, reinforce vocabulary and give students additional examples of arithmetic patterns in order to help them practice seeing the changes in the numbers. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  3. Introduce the notes on arithmetic patterns. Have students practice problems with addition and subtraction.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  4. Have students create their own rules for patterns as a class.
  5. Follow Activity page with students. Have students work with a partner and see who can collect the most points in three rounds.
  6. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses as a class.
  7. Distribute the Homework page. Have students discuss their findings to the investigations at the beginning of the next class.
  8. In closing, ask students to explain what is an arithmetic pattern.
  9. Allow for responses and discussion.

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA.D.9, CCSS.Math.Content.4.OA.C.5

Class Sessions (45 minutes): 1 class session

Additional Resources: 

Want more math resources? Check out our other Math Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

3rd Grade, 4th Grade

Subject

Math