Introduce the basic multiplication facts with our Basic Multiplication Lesson Plan, which allows ample practice for students to represent and solve problems involving multiplication facts through 12. This lesson engages concept imagery with experiential learning for the concept of multiplication. Students generalize their understanding by discussing real-world scenarios where multiplying is more efficient than repeated adding.
Classroom Procedure Sample Snippet:
- Display the five transparent containers with a total of 15 items, 3 in each container.
- Choose a volunteer to count the total number of items in all, counting one to fifteen. Display the number.
- Choose another volunteer to count the total number of containers, counting one to five. Display the number.
- Choose a volunteer to count aloud the number of items in a container, counting one to three. Do this five times. Write the number on the board each time.
- Ask students: Instead of counting the items one at a time, what is an easier way to get the total number in all? Allow for responses and discussion.
- Introduce multiplication by showing the 5 containers x 3 items = 15 total. Tell students multiplication is the same as adding the same number to each other over and over again.
- Distribute Basic Multiplication content pages and read together in class, sharing additional examples and explanations, if needed, for students to gain a better understanding of multiplication.
- At the end of the content pages, allow time for response and discussion to the question: Can you think of a time when multiplying numbers will be better than adding numbers over and over again?
- Distribute 72 counters to each student. Show students how to use the counters to create sets for multiplication.
- Distribute Activity Page (continued)
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA.A.1, CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA.A.3, CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA.A.4, CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA.B.5, CCSS.Math.Content.4.OA.A.1, CCSS.Math.Content.4.OA.A.2
Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions
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