Big Bang Theory

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The lesson introduces the students to the theory of the Big Bang and the beginning of the universe about 14 billion years ago.  The students may have a hard time grasping the enormity of the universe and the amount of time that has passed since its inception. The students will be able to define and explain the Big Bang Theory.

Big Bang Theory Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Big Bang Theory
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on identifying and using Big Bang Theory
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

The lesson introduces the students to the theory of the Big Bang and the beginning of the universe about 14 billion years ago.  The students may have a hard time grasping the enormity of the universe and the amount of time that has passed since its inception.  Nevertheless, the lesson helps students become aware of the theory and the ever-expanding universe relative to matter and energy.  There are numerous Internet sites with Big Bang Theory information. It is a lesson that can be used in conjunction with other lessons related to matter, stars, the solar system, etc.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Distribute Big Bang Theory content pages. Read aloud the first paragraph.
  2. Allow students to respond and discuss the questions. In addition, ask:  Why do you think there are many questions about the beginning of the Universe?  Do any of you ever ask yourself the question:  Why are you here?
  3. Allow for responses and discussion.
  4. Continue with the content pages. Read and review the remaining information with the students.  Save the final question for the lesson closing.
  5. It is strongly suggested a video from the additional resources be used to help students better understand this often-complicated theory. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  6. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  Give students sufficient time to complete their plays.  Encourage students to be creative, and they may use humor, refer to imaginary characters such as aliens, etc.
  7. Once all plays are completed, students present them to the class. Following each play, review facts which may have been incorrectly stated.  Check for understanding.
  8. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  9. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
  10. In closing, ask: If you could create the perfect Universe, what would it be like?

Common Core State Standards: 

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1.C, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.5, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.5.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.5.1.C, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.5.5, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.10

Additional Resources:

Want more science resources? Check out our other Science Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Science