Biomass and Biofuels


The lesson introduces students to biomass and the biofuels produced from it, including the advantages and disadvantages of using biomass and biofuels.  Many students may not have heard of the terms, but there is much research and information related to the use of biomass and biofuels versus fossil fuels.  The lesson may be used in conjunction with lessons related to the environment, plants, pollution, and other similar topics.

Biomass and Biofuels Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Biomass and Biofuels
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on identifying Biomass and Biofuels
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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A lesson that discusses biomass and biofuels will help students understand important issues relating to the environment.  Initially, students will become familiarized with new vocabulary.  The lesson contains but a sampling of the massive variety of research and information related to the use of biomass and biofuels as opposed to fossil fuels.  Throughout the lesson, students will have the opportunity to answer questions and have discussion about the topic with their classmates.  The lesson may be used in conjunction with lessons related to the environment, plants, pollution, and other similar topics.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction: 

  1. Ask students: What is the difference between fossil fuels and biofuels?
  2. Some students may have heard of fossil fuels, but many may not understand biofuels. Give hints for the meaning of the root bio.  Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Allow for responses and discussion.
  3. Ask: What alternatives could be used for gas, coal, or oil?
  4. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students using why scientists are seeking alternatives to current fuels.
  5. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce Biomass and Biofuels.
  6. Distribute Biomass and Biofuels content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  7. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  Encourage creativity and cooperation.  Students may use two or more sheets of construction paper joined together.  Allow students sufficient time to complete, and access to the Internet.  Approve each rough draft.
  8. Once completed, each pair of students will display and describe their posters to the class, explaining why they may have emphasized a certain advantage of using alternative fuels.
  9. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  10. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.

Common Core State Standards: 



Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

Want more science resources? Check out our other Science Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade



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Denise D.

Great sciene lessons!!

these are great little lessons for my 6th grade home schooled son. they are broke down well and easy to understand. I also enjoy that they have at least one but usually 2-3 lesson sheets for them to complete. I let my son pick out which one he wants to learn that week. I highly recommend.