Capitalization (Grades 1-3)


This interesting lesson introduces students to the differences between lower-case letters and capital letters. Most students recognize the difference but need to learn when and what to capitalize. The students will be able to identify the difference between a capital and lower-case letter and use capitals correctly at the beginning of sentences and for proper nouns.

Capitalization Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Capitalization
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on identifying and using Capitalization
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 1-3 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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This interesting lesson introduces students to the differences between lower-case letters and capital letters. Most students recognize the difference but need to learn when and what to capitalize. Depending on grade level, you may place extra focus on one part of the lesson versus another part. For example, older students will need to understand how to capitalize titles, but younger students will need to understand capitalization of proper nouns. As in most language lessons, practice will lead to comprehension.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Display several lower-case letters and their capital equivalents. Ask: What are the differences between the displayed letters?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Besides some are lower-case and others are capitals, students may also note some are curved, all straight lines, loops, etc.
  3. Ask students: Why are there lower-case and capital letters?
  4. Allow for responses and discussion. List reasons capital letters are used.
  5. Distribute Capitalization content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Allow students to give more examples for each of the rules. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  6. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions. Distribute scissors and glue. Go over the examples. Give students sufficient time for completion. Circulate through the room to assist students when necessary.
  7. Once students have completed the work, allow students to share their responses. Check for understanding. For Capital Letters, ask students why each word is capitalized; 1st letter in a sentence, name, place, etc.
  8. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  9. Distribute the Homework page. Review the instructions. The next day, allow students to share their lists from their home and neighborhoods. Check and review remaining work.
  10. In closing, ask students: What is your favorite capital letter and why?

Common Core State Standards:


Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions.

Additional Resources:

Want more language arts resources? Check out our other Language Arts Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade


Language Arts

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The lessons are clear, with great advice for the instructor, and adequate materials for the student as well as ideas on how to extend the lesson. Covers common-core requirements. Just excellent.