This interesting lesson introduces students to the differences between lower-case letters and capital letters. Most students recognize the difference but need to learn when and what to capitalize. Depending on grade level, you may place extra focus on one part of the lesson versus another part. For example, older students will need to understand how to capitalize titles, but younger students will need to understand capitalization of proper nouns. As in most language lessons, practice will lead to comprehension.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction
- Display several lower-case letters and their capital equivalents. Ask: What are the differences between the displayed letters?
- Allow for responses and discussion. Besides some are lower-case and others are capitals, students may also note some are curved, all straight lines, loops, etc.
- Ask students: Why are there lower-case and capital letters?
- Allow for responses and discussion. List reasons capital letters are used.
- Distribute Capitalization content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Allow students to give more examples for each of the rules. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
- Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions. Distribute scissors and glue. Go over the examples. Give students sufficient time for completion. Circulate through the room to assist students when necessary.
- Once students have completed the work, allow students to share their responses. Check for understanding. For Capital Letters, ask students why each word is capitalized; 1st letter in a sentence, name, place, etc.
- Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
- Distribute the Homework page. Review the instructions. The next day, allow students to share their lists from their home and neighborhoods. Check and review remaining work.
- In closing, ask students: What is your favorite capital letter and why?
Common Core State Standards:
Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions.
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