Cats and Dogs


The lesson introduces students to the history and characteristics of cats and dogs.  Nearly every student will have had contact with a cat or dog in their life, including one of their own pets.  The lesson explores the differences between and background of the domestication of cats and dogs.  In addition, students will learn about the different breeds and behaviors of the loveable animals.  Teachers are encouraged to plan a pet day when students can introduce their pets to the class, cats, dogs, or otherwise.

Cats and Dogs Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Cats and Dogs
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on identifying different breeds of Cats and Dogs
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 1-3 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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This lesson is all about the domestication of cats and dogs.  Some of your older students may have heard that cats were once considered sacred in ancient Egypt, or that the dogs descend from domesticated wolves.  The lesson explores this and much more, including the differences between and background of the domestication of cats and dogs.  In addition, students will learn about the different breeds and behaviors of the animals. You could use this lesson as part of a pet day when students introduce their pets to the class.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction: 

  1. Ask students to share as many differences between cats and dogs as possible.
  2. Discuss and display the students’ responses. Ask students to share some of their personal experiences with a cat or dog.
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce Cats and Dogs.
  4. Distribute Cats and Dogs content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  5. If possible, display images of different cat and dog breeds, allow students to guess the correct breed.
  6. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  Encourage students to be creative and to use some of the facts from the content pages.  (For younger students, they may not be required to write out the conversation.)  Allow students time to prepare their short skits, write the skit, and practice the skit.
  7. Once completed with the skits, each pair of students presents their skit to the class.
  8. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  9. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.  For the last part, students may need to think logically.)
  10. In closing, ask students: Imagine you could be turned into a cat or dog.  What breed of cat or dog would you want to be and why?

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.9, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.9,

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources: 

Want more science resources? Check out our other Science Lesson Plans

Additional information

Grade Level

1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade