Comparing and Contrasting (Grades 4-6)

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Our Comparing and Contrasting Lesson Plan prepares students to compare and contrast characters, events, points of view, and other elements found in a story and in other reading content.  This lesson encourages peer discussion to spur brainstorming and allows the opportunity for students to draft an introductory paragraph and to make inferences from text.  Successful completion of this lesson develops reading comprehension, critical thinking skills, and written expression.

Comparing and Contrasting Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Comparing and Contrasting.
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on comparing and contrasting characters, events, etc.
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

Our Comparing and Contrasting Lesson Plan prepares students to compare and contrast characters, events, points of view, and other elements found in a story and in other reading content.  This lesson encourages peer discussion to spur brainstorming and allows the opportunity for students to draft an introductory paragraph and to make inferences from text.  Successful completion of this lesson develops reading comprehension, critical thinking skills, and written expression.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Introduce comparing and contrasting by showing the two pictures you have chosen. Ask students: What is different between the images? What is the same?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. List responses in two separate columns. Ask students what other words are used for things that are alike and different. Lead the discussion to compare and contrast.
  3. Distribute Comparing and Contrasting (4-6) content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Save the final question for the closing of the lesson. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  4. Distribute Activity pages. Read and review the instructions. Pair students. Give students sufficient time to discuss each thing/idea. Encourage students to have productive discussions, especially related to opinion differences.
  5. Once completed with the chart, instruct students to choose five from the list and write an introductory paragraph, which will be shared with the rest of the class. Allow time in the schedule for each pair of students to read the paragraph.
  6. Distribute Practice pages. Allow students to share their responses. Encourage students to make inferences related to some of the information shared as well to get beyond what the author shares in each of the stories.
  7. Distribute the Homework page. Encourage students to use the topic as a story, not simply listing differences, etc. The next day, allow students to read their stories aloud and lead a class discussion comparing and contrasting the information from each story.
  8. In closing, ask: What surprised you the most about two things you have ever compared and contrasted?
  9. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students why they were surprised at what was different and the same.
  10. Allow for responses and discussion.

Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.6, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.9, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.9, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.9

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

Want more reading resources?  Check out our other Reading Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Reading