Introduce the graphing and coordinate planes with our Coordinate Planes Lesson Plan. With experiential activities, students will be able to identify the quadrants of a coordinate plane and the location of the x-axis, y-axis, and origin. They will also be able to graph points in all 4 quadrants.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction
- Have the students stand up and give them instructions that give the left or right direction first and then the forward or backward direction like this:
a. Walk 2 steps sideways to the right then walk 4 steps forward
b. Walk 3 steps sideways to the left then walk 2 steps backward
c. Walk 4 steps sideways to the left then walk 3 steps forward
d. Walk 2 steps sideways to the right then walk 4 steps forward
- Write down each set of instructions on the board or on chart paper as you give them. Ask the students if they notice anything similar about the set of directions on the board. Point out how these instructions follow the pattern left or right direction then up and down direction.
- Have a pair or two of student volunteers give instructions to a partner to get to a specific location and write this list of instructions on the board as well. (For example, walk 5 steps right then walk 4 steps forward to get to your desk) Pass out the information page about coordinates and the coordinate grid, also pass out the graph paper. Have the students plot the directions from the warm up on the coordinate plane. After they have had time to work in pairs or groups come together as a class and check their work by graphing them together.
- Complete the “Angry Flying Dinosaurs Activity” Make sure each student has a blank coordinate grid.
- Distribute the Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
- Distribute the Homework page. The next day allow students to share their drawings. Collect and check the work.
- In closing, ask: What daily activities do you think relate most to using a coordinate grid? Why?
- Allow for responses and discussion. For example, locations on a map, navigation for an airplane, markers for a paleontologist etc.
Common Core State Standards: 5th Grade: CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.5.G.A.1, CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.5.G.A.2, 6th Grade: CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.6.NS.C.6
Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sections
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