Estimating (Grades 4-6)

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Enhance the estimation skills of your students with our Estimating (4-6) Lesson Plan.  This hands-on lesson explores how to estimate for multiplication and division, as well as to determine distance and other measurements.  Generalize understanding by exploring real-world instances where students estimated or guessed about something.

Estimating (4-6) Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Angles.
  • Hands on homework activities giving students practice on determining estimation for multiplication and division and rounding up numbers.
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

Enhance the estimation skills of your students with our Estimating (4-6) Lesson Plan.  This hands-on lesson explores how to estimate for multiplication and division, as well as to determine distance and other measurements.  Generalize understanding by exploring real-world instances where students estimated or guessed about something.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Display a jar of candy or other treats. On a slip of paper, students guess the number of pieces in the jar. Collect all slips of paper. Save the answers until the end of the lesson.
  2. Display two columns: Exact – Guess. Ask students: What are things that would need an exact answer or number? What are things that would be okay with a guess as an answer?
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. List each in the correct column. Ask: What are some advantages of estimation? What are disadvantages of estimation?
  4. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce the importance of effective estimation.
  5. Distribute Estimation (4-6) content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Save the final question for lesson closing. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  6. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions. Pair students. Distribute grocery store flyers and/or give access to the Internet for research. Take students to the gym to estimate the area needed for hosting the meal.
  7. During the activity, ask questions such as: Are you allowing seconds? Will people sometimes use more than one paper plate, napkin, etc.? Did you remember the class will be eating as well? (And other questions for students to think about during planning.) Give students sufficient time to complete the activity. Once all students have completed, allow each pair of students to share the details about the planned meal.
  8. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  9. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
  10. In closing, ask: Tell about a time you guessed or estimated something but it turned out to be too much or too little?
  11. Allow for responses and discussion.
  12. Refer to the jar of candy, ask students if they could, would they change their original guesses and why?
  13. Allow for responses and discussion.
  14. Display the guesses students originally made, reveal the correct number. (Closest to the right number receives the candy and shares some with the class.)

Common Core State Standards: CCSS.Math.Content.4.OA.A.3, CCSS.Math.Content.5.NF.A.2, None for Grade 6

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions.

Want more math resources? Check out our other Math Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Math