Flowers and Fertilization

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The lesson introduces students to flowers and fertilization or pollination.  Some students may already understand the concept, but may not be aware of the details such as the parts of the flower and the process involved.  In addition, many students may believe only bees pollinate flowers.  The students will also be expected to label the parts of the flower and explain the pollination process using the correct vocabulary.  If possible, real flowering plants could be used to help identify their parts.  The lesson may be used with lessons related to asexual or sexual reproduction, mitosis, and meiosis.

Flowers and Fertilization Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Flowers and Fertilization
  • Hands-on homework activities
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 3-4 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

The lesson introduces students to flowers and fertilization or pollination.  Pollination is initially described as the way plants reproduce.  Some students may be somewhat familiar with the concept, but may not be aware of the details of pollination such as the parts of the flower and the process involved.  As part of the lesson, students will be expected to label the parts of the flower and explain the pollination process using the correct vocabulary such a stamen, anthers, stigma and pistil.  If possible, real flowering plants could be used to help identify their parts.  The lesson can be used in conjunction with lessons related to asexual or sexual reproduction, mitosis, and meiosis.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction: 

  1. What does every living organism have in common?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion, which should include survival, eating, etc. A few students may respond:  reproduction or wanting to make more of its own kind.  If this is not a response, ask additional questions leading students to reproduction or making more of their own kind.
  3. Once the response is made, ask: How do plants reproduce?
  4. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce pollination and fertilization.
  5. Distribute Flowers and Fertilization content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  6. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  Circulate through the room as students work, ensuring they remain on task and assisting when necessary.
  7. Encourage the students to be natural and practice several times before creating the final copy. They do not have to memorize their lines, but may use the final copy to read from.
  8. Once the class has completed the work, schedule each pair of students a time to “perform” their play.
  9. Students should use each of the terms related to pollination and fertilization.
  10. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.3, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.4, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4.3, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4.4

Class Sessions (45 minutes): at least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

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Additional information

Grade Level

3rd Grade, 4th Grade

Subject

Science