Teach students to follow the path of a food chain and define the terms related to a food chain with our Food Chain Lesson Plan. This lesson builds vocabulary, including what it means to be a primary or secondary consumer, as well as defines the terms carnivore, herbivore and omnivore, as it explores the concept of the food chain and the flow of energy within the chain. This is an ideal lesson to bridge concepts of healthy eating and the importance of eating vegetables and fruits as it relates to the flow of energy.
Sample Classroom Procedure/Teacher Resources Snippet:
- Ask students what food item they would like to eat. Remind them not to eat it until you allow them. They can choose a vegetable/fruit, meat item, or both.
- Once all students have chosen their food item, ask them what the difference might be between animals, like people, who eat meat or fruit/vegetables.
- Allow for responses and discussion.
- Ask students if they know which animal the meat items came from, and what foods those animals may have eaten.
- Allow for responses and discussion and tell students they can eat their food.
- Lead the students into understanding the concept of a Food Chain.
- Distribute the Food Chain content pages.
- Read and review the information with the students as it is read aloud in class. Respond to all questions.
- During the reading, ask students if they were a primary or secondary consumer based on their earlier food choices and if they are carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores.
- Stress to students the importance of energy being passed along in a food chain, and the lower in the food chain the less energy an organism receives. Importance of eating vegetables and fruits.
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.1.1.B, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.1.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.1.5, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.2.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.2
Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions.
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