Force and Motion


The lesson is an elementary physics lesson introducing the students to the basics of force and motion, and Newton’s laws of motion.  Since movement takes place everywhere throughout a student’s day, it is best to identify Newton’s laws along with the movements.  It is encouraged that you use additional activities and the resources as much as possible for students to do hands-on activities to enhance the understanding of these concepts.

Force and Motion Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Force and Motion
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on identifying Force and Motion
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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The lesson introduces students to the basics of physics and helps them understand the basics of force and motion, including Newton’s laws of motion.  Since movement takes place everywhere throughout a student’s day, it is best to identify Newton’s laws along with the movements.  The lesson includes many additional activities and resources for you to use as much as possible to help students gain an understanding of these concepts.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Ask students each of these questions separately to open the lesson:  What is motion?  What does it mean to move?  How do things move?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion.  Introduce force and motion by demonstrating the movement of something in the class.  (Moving a desk, opening/closing door, etc.)
  3. Distribute Force and Motion content pages.  Read and review the information with the students.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.  Save the final question for the closing to the lesson.
  4. Distribute Activity page.  Read and review the instructions.  Pair the students.  Remind students they may write more than one explanation for each term.
  5. Distribute the supplies to each pair of students.  Tell students the explanation must be understood by another person who reads their writing.
  6. Once all students have completed the activity, collect the pages and redistribute them randomly.  Tell students to read the explanations and repeat the activity.
  7. Collect the pages again and return to the owners.
  8. Review each of the concepts allowing pairs of students to share what they have written and demonstrate the concept.  Clarify any misunderstandings among the students in the class.
  9. Distribute Practice page.  Check and review the students’ responses.
  10. Distribute the Homework page.  The next day, allow students to share their observations and how it was related to one of Newton’s three laws.  (Answers will vary.)

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1 , CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.3 , CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.4 , CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.1.D, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

Want more science resources? Check out our other Science Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade