Fractions on a Number Line

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The lesson expands your students’ understanding of fractions by teaching them to view fractions as parts on a number line, rather than just an object broken into pieces. The lesson uses the terminology whole and parts to introduce students to numerator and denominator. Several examples are provided for the teacher to demonstrate to the students, as well as activities the students can do for individual practice. The lesson can be used with other math lessons relating to fractions or number lines.

Fractions on a Number Line Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Fractions on a Number Line
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on Fractions on a Number Line
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 3-4 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

The lesson expands your students’ understanding of fractions by teaching them to view fractions as parts on a number line, rather than just an object broken into pieces. The lesson uses the terminology whole and parts to introduce students to numerator and denominator. Several examples are provided for the teacher to demonstrate to the students, as well as activities the students can do for individual practice. The lesson can be used with other math lessons relating to fractions or number lines.

Sample classroom Procedures: 

  1. Begin by explaining to students that fractions are parts of a whole and they can also be represented on a number line.
  2. While reading the content pages, reinforce the idea of equal parts and give students additional examples of fractions in order to help them practice.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  3. Introduce the notes on fractions on a number line. Have students practice problems larger than one if the class is ready or more challenging information is needed.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  4. Have students practice problems by hopping the number of times in the numerator by their seats.
  5. Follow Activity page with students. Have students work individually.  The teacher should guide this activity allowing for small group discussion and then a larger discussion to check for understanding as a class.
  6. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses as a class.
  7. Distribute the Homework page. Have students work a few problems at the beginning of the next class to reinforce the concept of parts.
  8. In closing, ask students if we could use any two numbers as an interval for fractions on a number line.
  9. Allow for responses and discussion.

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.Math.Content.3.NF.A.1, CCSS.Math.Content.3.NF.A.2

None for Grade 4

Class Sessions (45 minutes): 1 class session

Additional Resources:  

Want more math resources? Check out our other Math Lesson Plans!

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Additional information

Grade Level

3rd Grade, 4th Grade

Subject

Math