Frequently Confused Words


The lesson introduces students to frequently confused words in the English language such as to, too, two; their, there, they’re; and many others.  Confusing words are often misspelled and used by many students.  The lesson clarifies their use and helps students to use them correctly.  Teachers are encouraged to use additional resources for extra practice.

Frequently Confused Words Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Frequently Confused Words
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on Frequently Confused Words
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 3-5 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Improve your students’ grammar and spelling with a lesson that introduces them to frequently confused words in the English language such as to, too, two; their, there, they’re; and many others.  Students who are used to texting and relying on spell check tend to struggle with the differences between these homonyms. The lesson clarifies their use and helps students use them correctly.  The lesson also introduces and defines the Language Arts vocabulary word homonyms.  Teachers are encouraged to use additional resources for extra practice.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Display several confusing words examples. Ask students what the words might have in common.
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students:  What do you do when you come across a word that confuses you?
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce Frequently Confused Words.
  4. Distribute Frequently Confused Words content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  5. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  Read aloud sentences with one frequently confused word in each.  Students then write out the spelling of the word as it is used in the sentence, and its confused alternative.  Tell students the correct spelling of the both (or all three) words.  Each student who correctly spells the word in the sentence receives one point, and a second point if the alternative word is spelled correctly. (Students pairs compete for the most points.)
  6. Once completed, students stand in a circle around the room. Read aloud a sentence using one frequently confused word. Each student takes a turn to identify and spell the word.  (Like a spelling bee.)  If the student misses the word, he/she is eliminated.  Winner is the last student standing.
  7. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  8. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, allow students to share their stories and identify each word.  Check and review the matching words/definitions.
  9. In closing, ask students: There are many frequently confused words, which one (or more) do you struggle with the most?
  10. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students to create sentences with the confusing words and then share them with the class.

Common Core State Standards: 


Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions.

Additional Resources:

Want more language arts resources? Check out our other Language Arts Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade


Language Arts

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