Fruits and Vegetables


The lesson is all about fruits and vegetables and is primarily for young students but can be easily adapted for older grades.  Most children are aware that fruits and vegetables are healthy food choices, but many children may not know the difference between them or why they are healthy.  The lesson gives detailed information and facts about common fruits and vegetables.  It is recommended teachers obtain fruits and vegetables for students to sample as part of the lesson.

Fruits and Vegetables Lesson Plan Includes:

    • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
    • Instructional Content Pages about Fruits and Vegetables
    • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on identifying Fruits and Vegetables
    • Answer Keys
    • Common Core State Standards
    • Many Additional Links and Resources
    • Built for Grades 1-3 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Broaden your students knowledge about healthy eating habits with a lesson about fruits and vegetables.  Geared primarily towards young students, the lesson can be easily adapted for older grades.  The lesson begins with a brief introduction about plants, including a definition for photosynthesis and a note about the large variety of plants.  Fruit and vegetable are both defined, and then detailed information and facts about common fruits and vegetables are listed.  The lesson would benefit from sample fruits and vegetables on hand that students can cut open to view or sample.

Sample Classroom Procedure/Teacher Resources: 

  1. Display several different fruits and vegetables. Ask students to tell all they know about each, naming them, where they are grown, etc.
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Separate the fruits from the vegetables, and ask students:  What is the difference between a fruit and vegetable?
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce Fruits and Vegetables content.
  4. Distribute Fruits and Vegetables content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  (Information may be read aloud for younger students.)  Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Expand on content information where necessary.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  5. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  Distribute supplies and a different fruit or vegetable to each pair of students, as much variety as possible.  Enough are needed to “dissect and observe” and then a sample for eating later.  Circulate through the room helping students where necessary.  Students will inform the teacher when they are ready to sample a piece of fruit or vegetable.
  6. Once the students have completed the activity, each pair will share some of their responses and the NEW fruit or vegetable they have invented.
  7. Distribute Practice page. The page is mainly to expose students to the many fruits and vegetables available.  Check and review the students’ responses.
  8. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, allow students to share favorites, and ask how they compared w/adult.  Students correct false statements.
  9. In closing, ask students: Imagine yourself on an island.  You can only have 1 fruit and 1 vegetable available to eat.  What would you choose and why?
  10. Allow for responses and discussion.

Common Core State Standards:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.7

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

Want more science resources? Check out our other Science Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade



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Wonderful! I am new to

Wonderful! I am new to homeschooling and this was easy and great that it takes donations or review as form of payment! I will be coming back to get more assignments!