Geology and Rocks

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Our Geology and Rocks Lesson Plan engages students in the world of geology and describes the role of a geologist. The students will be able to identify the three types of rocks, and list characteristics for each.  Leverage the power of the sensory system to help develop concept imagery as students examine various rocks to sketch and record their observations.  This interactive lesson also develops analytical skills when students complete the process of filling in their Rock Observation Chart.

Our Geology and Rocks Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Geology and Rocks
    • Types of Rocks (Sedimentary, Metamorphic, Igneous)
  • Rock Observation Activity with Worksheet
  • Crossword Puzzle
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

Our Geology and Rocks Lesson Plan engages students in the world of geology and describes the role of a geologist. The students will be able to identify the three types of rocks, and list characteristics for each.  Leverage the power of the sensory system to help develop concept imagery as students examine various rocks to sketch and record their observations.  This interactive lesson also develops analytical skills when students complete the process of filling in their Rock Observation Chart.

Classroom Procedure Sample:

  1. Display the letters GEO- for all students to see. Ask students: What does the prefix mean?
  2. Allow for responses. (If having trouble, ask them to think of words beginning with Geo-)
  3. Next, write the suffix -OLOGY, ask students to define the suffix. (If having trouble, ask them to think of other -ology words.)
  4. Allow for responses and discussion leading to the “The study of the Earth.”
  5. Tell students they will be geologists today and will be examining and studying rocks, sketching them, and writing observations or characteristics of each.
  6. Pair students.
  7. Distribute the “Rock Observation Chart” to every student. Review the instructions.
  8. Distribute colored pencils.
  9. Distribute a numbered rock to each pair of students. The students will need to sketch a total of 9 rocks, any 3 from each category. (Do not reveal which type of rocks they are sketching.)
  10. Remind students to list some characteristics at the bottom of the chart and to discuss the rock with their partner.
  11. Tell students to leave the “Type of Rock” spaces blank.
  12. Once all students have completed the sketches and observations, have students set the charts aside.
  13. Distribute the Geology and Rocks content page. Either have each pair of students read it together, or read the content as a class, discussing the information presented in the reading.

(continued)

Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.5, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.9

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

Want more science resources? Check out our other Science Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Science

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MC
10/09/2017
Mindy C.
US

Loved it!

The lesson plan I downloaded was great! Easy to use, adaptable for my needs, and included a hands-on activity and worksheets. I will definitely use the site again!