The activity filled lesson introduces students to “glued” short A sounds such as -an, -am, and -all. The students look for patterns in a list of words to determine which follow the rules for short A glued sounds. Knowing this phonics rule will allow your students to decode and build words of greater complexity, making them more successful readers and writers. Starting with basic spelling rules and patterns will create a foundation for strong writing, spelling, and reading skills.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction:
- Explain to students that they are going to get a list of words to cut out and sort. They are going to look for patterns and sort the words into groups that fit the patterns.
- Distribute TWO copies of the spelling sort for each student. Instruct them to cut out only one copy.
- Students work independently to try to read the words and sort them into patterns. It is all right if students do not successfully sort them, this is an independent attempt to see if they recognize patterns.
- Walk through the classroom and see how students have sorted. Ask questions to students to build understanding, such as “When you look at these words, what do they have in common?” “What do you notice about these words?” “How are these words alike/different?”
- Call students together after sorting independently. Ask what patterns they noticed. The should have identified patterns of -an, -am, and -all. All these words have a short -a sound, but the end of the word, the vowel and letters after the vowel create a single sound. These sounds are called “glued” sounds, because the letters are stuck together to make one sound.
- Go over the sound of each glued sound, saying “-an says an as in man, -am says am as in ham, and -all says all as in ball. Be aware that the a in -all sounds more like short o. That is why it is important to know the sound can change when you have a glued sound.”Make sure that you say the sound the glued letters make when it is italicized.
- As a group, create an anchor chart of the sort in three columns. Write this spelling sort rule underneath, “In this sort, the vowel and letters after it are glued together to make one sound!”
- Have students write the correct sort that you completed as a class in their spelling notebooks.
- Introduce the game “Taboo” which can be played in partners or small groups. Rules are on the activity sheet. Students will complete the activity sheet as they play.
- Assign homework page- students take home the second sheet of words, cut them out at home, and sort them into the columns. They practice writing the rule at the bottom. Students should practice sorting words EACH NIGHT for several days. They may use writing sorts, sorting in the grid, speed sorts, and play taboo at home with family members. Only one formal homework assignment is given here, but daily sorting is encouraged, either at home or as part of your language arts center time.
Common Core State Standards:
Class Sessions (45 minutes): 2 class sessions
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