Hibernation and Migration


The lesson introduces students to hibernation and migration of animals.  Students at this age usually enjoy anything and everything about animals.  The focus is on the difference between the two and the reasons behind migration and hibernation.  It would be helpful to show a video related to hibernating and migrating animals to give students a better understanding of them.

Hibernation and Migration Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Hibernation and Migration
  • Hands-on homework activities
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 1-3 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Students at this age usually enjoy anything and everything about animals so this informational lesson about hibernation and migration will keep them focused and engaged.  The lesson focuses on the difference between the two and the reasons behind migration and hibernation.  The lesson includes the two types of hibernation, and how animals prepare for both hibernation and migration. Links to games and videos to help students gain an understanding of the topics are included with the lesson.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Split the class in two. One group stands on one side of the room with the treats.  The other group in other areas of the room away from the treats.  Tell students to imagine it is winter and they must eat.  Ask:  What would this group (no food side) of students need to do to get their food?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion, which should include their movement to the other side of the room. Ask:  If you were an animal how would you get there?
  3. Allow for responses and discussion, which may include flying, walking, swimming. Ask students if they know what it is called for animals to go to other places during the winter?
  4. Allow for responses and discussion and lead it to migration.
  5. Allow students the movement to acquire the treats. Ask:  What would you need to do if you were not able to go to another place for food, but winter was coming and no food would be available?
  6. Allow for responses and discussion, which may include storing food, eating more, etc. Lead the discussion to hibernation.
  7. Distribute the Hibernation and Migration content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Use additional resources to enhance understanding and for other examples.  Ask students to think about the final two questions, which will be used for closing of the lesson.
  8. Distribute the Activity pages. Allow students sufficient time to color the pictures.  Display the students work in a “Hibernation” section of the room, and a “migration” section of the room.
  9. Distribute the Practice page. Either allow students to work on it independently or for younger students, read aloud each statement with students then circling the correct term.
  10. Check and review the Practice page.

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.7

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

Want more science resources? Check out our other Science Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade



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1st Grader Likes This

Well organized and engaging.