The engaging lesson introduces students to the human heart and its importance to the circulatory system and the human body. Even if your students students learned about the circulatory system separately, this lesson may be used as a more detailed and in-depth review of this important organ. All parts of the heart are defined as well as labeled on a detailed illustration. Information about keeping your heart healthy, such as exercise and healthy eating, is also included so the lesson could effectively be used in both science and health class. The lesson may be used in conjunction with a lesson related to the human body and circulatory system.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction:
- Display images or actual samples of the following pieces of fruit: apple, orange, pear, grape, watermelon, strawberry, peach, plum, etc. Ask students which piece of fruit is about equal to the size of their heart.
- Allow for responses and discussion. (The answer is the pear, also the size of a fist.) Ask students: How are the fruits and the heart related to each other?
- Allow for responses and discussion. Guide the students to understanding that choosing fruits and other healthy foods, like vegetables, are healthy choices and help the heart. Ask students what are things that might not be good for the heart.
- Allow for responses and discussion. (May include smoking, lack of exercise, too much salt, etc.) Introduce Human Heart to the students.
- Distribute Human Heart content pages. Read and review the information with the students. During the discussion, remind students that sometimes people have heart problems that are not caused by unhealthy choices. Save the final question for the lesson closing. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
- Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions. Distribute supplies. Allow time for children to choose a poster and time to complete it. Students must have their rough draft approved before beginning the final poster copy.
- Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
- Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review, correct false statements.
- In closing, ask students: Tell about 5 heart healthy choices you made in the past week. Tell about 5 unhealthy choices you made, and explain what you could have done differently.
- Allow students to choose at least one healthy and unhealthy choice to share with the class. (Students may write out the 10 total choices to be collected by the teacher.)
Common Core State Standards:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.7
Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions
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