Identifying Inconsistent Spelling/Sounds


The lesson introduces students to several types of inconsistencies in the spelling and pronunciations of many words they read each day.  They include words with silent letters, word endings, diphthongs, variant vowels, hard and soft g/c, and homophones.  The lesson may be used in conjunction with other related early-reading lessons and with classroom resources.

Identifying Inconsistent Spelling/Sounds Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Identifying Inconsistent Spelling/Sounds
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students plenty of practice Identifying Inconsistent Spelling/Sounds
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grade 2 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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The lesson introduces students to the various types of inconsistencies they may find in the spelling and pronunciation of words they read or hear each day. They include words with silent letters, word endings, diphthongs, variant vowels, hard and soft g/c, and homophones. The lesson presents a rule, for example: same word, same sound, but will have a different meaning. Then a list of common words that follow that rule is provided. The lesson may be used in conjunction with other early-reading lessons.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction: 

  1. Display the following pairs of words: write/wind, climb/big, child/old, bow/bounce, beast/beets, green/stage, cat/city, nose/knows.   Ask students if they can tell what is the same or different about each pair.
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students if they can name other words that may use the same vowels or consonants, but may be pronounced or spelled differently or the same.
  3. Allow for responses. Introduce Identifying Inconsistent Spelling/Sounds to the class.
  4. Distribute Identifying Inconsistent Spelling/Sounds content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Use current reading content and vocabulary during the lesson.  Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  5. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  You may share an example for one section of the poster to help students get started.  Encourage students to be creative and remind them they must include a title for each section.  Circulate through the room assisting students when needed.  Allow sufficient time for the poster’s completion.
  6. Once completed, each pair of students shares the poster with the class or with another pair of students.
  7. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  8. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
  9. In closing, ask students: What spelling word or word sound causes you the most confusion?  Why?  What are your favorite two words that sound alike?  Why?
  10. Allow for responses and discussion. Students should give reasons for their responses and may need some help deciding on what their favorite words or sounds are.

Common Core State Standards: 


Class Sessions (45 minutes): at least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

Many more teaching resources in Download!

Want more reading resources?  Check out our other Reading Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

2nd Grade