Inca Civilization

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The lesson introduces students to the Inca Civilization and the events during its short time-period in history.  Many students may know very little about the Inca, though it was one of the most advanced civilizations in history along with the Aztecs and Maya.  There is an incredible amount of information available for study, and this lesson is an overview of the main characteristics of the Inca.  The Inca existed less than 400 years but every student can discover some aspect of the civilization which will interest them.  The lesson may be used in conjunction with lessons about the Mayans and Aztecs.

Inca Civilization Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Inca Civilization
  • Hands-on homework activities exploring the Inca Civilization
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

The intriguing lesson introduces students to the short but exciting Inca civilization.  Along with the Aztecs and Maya, the Inca was one of the most technologically advanced civilizations in history.  The lesson includes a brief discussion on geography as students identify the Andes Mountains and their characteristics.  There is an incredible amount of information available for study, and this lesson provides an overview of the main characteristics of the Inca.  The Inca existed for less than 400 years but every student can discover some aspect of the civilization which will interest them.  The lesson can be used in conjunction with lessons about the Mayans and Aztecs.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Ask: Where are the Andes Mountains?  What do you know about the Andes Mountains?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students what it might be like to live in the Andes Mountains?  At the same time, identify the location of the mountains on a world map.
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students what they may know about the Inca Civilization.
  4. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce Inca Civilization.
  5. Distribute Inca Civilization content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  (If the Aztecs and/or Mayans have been studied, compare the civilizations.) Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  6. Distribute Activity pages. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  (You may choose to read aloud each question, and explain further the type of responses the students are to think about.)  Circulate through the room to respond to questions and to ensure students remain on task.
  7. Once all students have discussed and responded to each question, hold a class discussion. Allow students to share their responses.  Students are expected to logically support their responses.  (Responses will vary).
  8. Distribute Practice pages. Check and review the students’ responses.
  9. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
  10. In closing, ask: Gold was very special and valuable to the Incas. What is your “gold” and why?  (Explain the question to the students.)

Common Core State Standards:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.7

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.6.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6.10

Class Sessions (45 minutes): at least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources: 

Many more teaching resources in Download!

Want more social studies resources? Check out our other Social Studies Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Social Studies

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LR
10/03/2018
LaTonia R.
US

Great Resource

I haven't used the lesson yet, but as I was reading. I observed some vey useful nuggets that will be integrated into my lesson and classroom. thank you for all that you do.