The Introduction to Commas lesson stresses the comma is a pause in a sentence. This is one of the first types of punctuations students will learn that appears in the middle of a sentence. Often, students will want to use too many commas when first learning the concept. It is important for students to understand the importance of a comma, its usefulness, and what writing may sound like without the use of a comma.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction
- Display a run-on sentence with a series of items without commas. Read the sentence aloud to the students as they follow along. Be sure to include dates and dialogue. Do not pause. Ask students: What is wrong with the sentence or how I read it?
- Allow for responses and discussion.
- Reread the sentence with the commas correctly placed. Ask students what they notice between the first time it was read and the second time.
- Distribute Introduction to Commas content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Use other examples and the additional resources to enhance understanding.
- Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions. Pair students. Distribute scissors. They may create nonsense sentences if they are correctly written.
- Give students ample time to create a total of at least 10 or more sentences.
- Once completed, allow students to share some of their sentences with the class.
- Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
- Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses. Allow students to share some of their sentences for each of the rules.
- In closing, distribute a “comma” to each student, or use one of the cut-out commas. Randomly read some sentences, dates, etc. to the students. Tell students: Each time a comma is needed as I read, hold up your comma in the air.
Common Core State Standards:
Class Sessions (45 minutes): 1-2
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