Literary Techniques

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Our Literary Techniques Lesson Plan serves as an excellent introduction, review or student reference resource of commonly used literary techniques.  Students will understand the purpose of literary techniques and be able to define and identify common techniques used in stories, poems, and dramas, as well as implement a variety of literary techniques in their writing.  Understanding is solidified as students creatively utilize each type of literary technique for another student to accurately identify and label.

Literary Techniques Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • The lesson is an overview of the many literary techniques or devices students will use when reading and interpreting stories, poems, novels, dramas, and more.
  • The lesson includes frequently used techniques, and others can also be found in the additional resources.
  • The lesson can be used as an introduction or as a review, or can be used throughout the school year as a reference source for students.
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

Our Literary Techniques Lesson Plan serves as an excellent introduction, review or student reference resource of commonly used literary techniques.  Students will understand the purpose of literary techniques and be able to define and identify common techniques used in stories, poems, and dramas, as well as implement a variety of literary techniques in their writing.  Understanding is solidified as students creatively utilize each type of literary technique for another student to accurately identify and label.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction

  1. Display the following: flashback, point of view, irony, style, tone, symbolism, figurative language. Ask students: What do each of the terms have in common? What are the meanings of each term?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. (Each term is an element, strategy, or technique used with stories, poems, or dramas.) Ask students to share examples of each.
  3. Ask: What is the purpose of literary techniques? Why use them in writing?
  4. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce Literary Techniques.
  5. Distribute Literary Techniques content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  6. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions. Pair students. Distribute supplies. Circulate through the room as students work. Encourage students to be creative and to neatly copy examples for each type. (A pair of students may copy each type, and a second pair of students labels each.)
  7. Once completed, students share an example, while other students identify the literary type.
  8. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  9. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
  10. In closing, ask students: Which of the literary techniques is your favorite and why?

Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.4.10, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.10, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.6.10

Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions.

Want more language arts resources? Check out our other Language Arts Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Language Arts