Long Division

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Long division is a method for solving division problems with two or more digits.  It is important that students have a strong grasp on their multiplication facts before introducing long division.  This lesson provides several examples of the steps of long division with a single digit as the divisor.  The lesson also demonstrates examples with and without remainders.

Long Division Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Long Division
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on Long Division
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-5 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

Long division is a method for solving division problems with two or more digits.  It is important that students have a strong grasp on their multiplication facts before introducing long division.  The lesson provides several examples of the steps of long division with a single digit as the divisor.  The lesson also demonstrates examples with and without remainders.

Classroom Procedure:

  1. Begin by explaining to students that division often requires we use larger numbers which would make an array or repeated subtraction very complicated. Use an example of a concert – grouping thousands of people into sections or rows would be difficult with an array!
  2. While reading the content pages, reinforce vocabulary and give students additional examples of long division problems in order to help them practice the new algorithm.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  3. Introduce the notes on long division. Have students practice problems with and without remainders.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  4. Have students practice problems while repeating the steps out loud to a partner.
  5. Follow Activity page with students. Have students work individually or in pairs.
  6. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses as a class.
  7. Distribute the Homework page. Have students work a few problems at the beginning of the next class to reinforce the algorithm.
  8. In closing, ask students to repeat the four steps used in long division.
  9. Allow for responses and discussion.

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.Math.Content.4.OA.A.3, CCSS.Math.Content.4.NBT.B.6, CCSS.Math.Content.5.NBT.B.6

Class Sessions (45 minutes): 1 class session

Additional Resources:

Many more teaching resources in Download!

Want more math resources? Check out our other Math Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade

Subject

Math