Our Mythology Lesson Plan introduces students to myths. Students will identify the purpose for and features of traditional myths. Exploring myths from a variety of cultures, students engage their reading comprehension and analytical skills as they read and analyze a selection of myths. Students solidify their understanding of traditional mythological elements by writing their own myths.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction
- Begin the lesson by showing a short clip of a lightning storm. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SCLblwbE5LE
- Ask students if they can explain what causes lightning or thunderstorms. Many of your students should be able to provide a basic scientific explanation, but if they can’t, you can provide them with a quick explanation.
- After discussing lightning briefly, say, “Science has made so many advances in modern times. But long ago, people couldn’t explain natural wonders or disasters. They looked for a way to create explanations for things they could not explain. These stories are called “myths”. Write on the board as you state this definition: “Myths are defined as ancient or traditional stories, often ones that contain the early history of people, or explaining natural or social phenomenon. Myths typically involve supernatural beings or events.”
- Continue, “Some of the most famous myths in the world come from Greek culture. The ancient Greeks had hundreds of myths and worshipped the gods and heroes from the myths they created. Let’s read Greek mythology’s explanation for thunder and lightning.”
- Read Zeus, God of the Sky aloud as the students follow along. When they are done reading, compare and contrast the scientific explanation for lightning vs. the mythological explanation via whole class discussion. Make sure to ask what the myth offers an explanation for – lightning/storms, which unbelievable/ supernatural events are included- Cronus swallowing children whole, Zeus throwing thunderbolts, ruling the sky, terrible monsters, etc., and which supernatural beings are included- gods and monsters/Titans.
- Create the mythology anchor chart as follows:
- Review the chart and assign activity page one to be completed with a partner.
- Review activity page one with the entire class and assign the practice page which introduces myths from other cultures.
- Assign the create your own myth project (see details on the homework assignment sheet).
- After checking student work on their own myths, assign them to groups of three or four students each. Have students share their myths and complete the comprehension questions they created. 11. Have students complete the mythology quiz.
Common Core Standards: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.4.9
Class Sessions (45 minutes): 3-4
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