The lesson introduces students to the different types of natural disasters that occur throughout the world. Students are familiar with the term, natural disaster, but may not be familiar with the various types since many of them are rare in the United States. The lesson reviews the type, causes of, and their effects. Teachers may need to be sensitive to the feelings of students who may have been affected by a natural disaster or have lost a loved one due to its effect. In addition, stress to students that natural disasters will occur throughout the world, but with preparation, they need not live in fear. The preparation for each disaster is not included, but may be added as a supplement to the information.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction:
- Ask students: What does the word natural mean to you?
- Allow for responses and discussion. Ask: What does the word disaster mean to you?
- Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students to give examples of natural disasters in the world, and to explain the difference between a natural disaster and other types of disasters.
- Allow for further responses and discussion. Introduce Natural Disasters.
- Distribute Natural Disasters content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Save the final question for the lesson closing. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
- Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions and the point system for assessing student’s diaries or stories. Encourage creativity, but the facts must be included for each disaster. (Optional: Students may include one of the other disaster from the list of 17.) Allow time for completion and it may be assigned for homework.
- Once completed, students share a rough draft with another student or the teacher may approve the start of the final copy. The final copies will be read to a partner. The teacher will use the rubric to assess each student’s work.
- Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
- Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses. Ask students to correct false statements.
- In closing, ask students: Describe a time when you experienced a natural disaster where you lived, or knew someone who told you about a natural disaster. What was it like?
Common Core State Standards:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1, 1.c, 5, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.5.1 , 1.c, 5, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.4. 7, 10
Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions
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