A lesson that introduces your students to the basic parts of a plant and their functions will inspire in them a love of botany. Some students may know the basic plant parts, yet may not fully understand the functions those parts play in helping plants survive. The use of hands-on activities is crucial to the lesson, and students should have the opportunity to use real plants as much as possible. A trip outdoors would also be helpful during the lesson. The lesson can be used in conjunction with other plant or flower-related lessons, such as the lesson about pollination and fertilization.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction:
- Display the following words: green, fruit, vegetable, bees, water, soil, flowers, etc. Ask: What word may come to your mind when you hear these words?
- Allow for responses and discussion. Lead the discussion to “plants.” Ask students: What do all plants have in common?
- List students’ responses for display. Ask students why the plants have these in common.
- Allow for responses and discussion.
- Distribute Plant Parts content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Stress to students that plants may have leaves with flowers or vegetables or fruits, or a combination. All plants do not have fruits and vegetables. Save the final question for lesson closing. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
- Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions. Distribute supplies. The students will “build 3 plants” using the different colors of construction paper. Encourage students to be creative. Allow access to images of different kinds of plants, including flowers, fruits, trees, vegetables, etc. to use as models. Students may make 3D plants as well. Allow students to choose a color for the backgrounds. They may also draw in the Sun or other details.
- Once completed, each student will share one of their plants and identify each plant part to the class along with its functions, or to save time, students are paired and discuss the plants with their partner.
- Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
- Distribute the Homework page. The next day, allow students to share the plant drawings with the class, identifying one or more of its parts along with its function.
- In closing, ask: What is your favorite kind of plant and why?
Common Core State Standards:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.2, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.5, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.1.1.A, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.2.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.1.D
Class Sessions (45 minutes): At least 2 class sessions
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