Ratio and Rate Reasoning


Ratios and rates are used every day not only in mathematics, but at the store, in the car, in your kitchen, and on vacations! So, it is very important to understand how to use them in different real world situations.  There are many ways to solve ratio, rate, and proportion problems.

Ratio and Rate Reasoning Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Ratio and Rate Reasoning
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on Ratio and Rate Reasoning
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 5-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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The lesson introduces students to the vocabulary terms rate and ratio.  Students are reminded throughout the lesson that they are terms they will use frequently in every day life, and many “real world” examples are used so students can practice making charts and line graphs.  There are many ways to solve ratio, rate, and proportion problems, and these steps and strategies are reviewed in the lesson.

Classroom Instruction:

  1. Begin by explaining to students that often times we have to modify or change amounts for things that we need, such as if we are making a recipe for two people, but it is actually written to make enough for 8 people, then we have to use a proportion to change the amounts of ingredients we will need for the recipe.
  2. While reading the content pages, reinforce vocabulary and give students additional examples of proportion problems in order to help them practice.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  3. Introduce the notes on ratio and rate reasoning. Have students practice problems with a partner or individually.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  4. Have students practice problems by creating tables, pictures, or equations.
  5. Follow Activity page with students. Have students work individually or in groups using their cookie recipe card.
  6. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses as a class.
  7. Distribute the Homework page. Have students work a few problems at the beginning of the next class to reinforce the new material.
  8. In closing, ask students when they have had to use a ratio or rate problem in their own lives.
  9. Allow for responses and discussion.

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.Math.Content. 6.RP.A.2, CCSS.Math.Content.6.RP.A.3

None for Grade 5

Class Sessions (45 minutes): 1 class session

Additional Resources:

Many more teaching resources in Download!

Want more MATH resources? Check out our other Math Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

5th Grade, 6th Grade