Our Simple Machines 5-6 Lesson Plan enables students to define simple machines, identify the six types of simple machines, and use the correct terminology to describe how each simple machine works. The hands-on activity, practice and homework activities engage analytical and critical thinking skills as students creatively build representations of each type of simple machine. As a result of this lesson, students will also be able to explain how simple machines make work easier.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction
- Display one example of each type of simple machine. Ask students what each of the objects have in common.
- Allow for responses and discussion. Lead the discussion to: They help make work easier and save time, take some effort by the user, etc.
- Distribute Simple Machines (5-6) content pages. Read and review the information with the students. Save the final questions for lesson closing. Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
- Distribute Activity pages. Read and review the instructions. Pair students. Distribute supplies. An example of each simple machine may be built using the given supplies. The different machines may not be the same for each pair of students.
- Allow sufficient time for students to complete and then record the information about each machine. Remind students that all 6 machines cannot be made at the same time. Supplies will need to be reused. Once complete, allow each pair of students to share the information about at least one or two of the machines they built, explaining how it works using the correct terminology.
- Distribute Practice pages. Allow sufficient time for students to complete. (You may check the 1st page before students begin the 2nd page.) Check and review the students’ responses.
- Distribute the Homework page. The next day, allow students to share at least one of the sketches and explain how the simple machine works using the correct terminology.
- In closing, ask: What kind of simple machine have you used the most? Which simple machine would you like to start using more often?
- Allow for responses and discussion
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.7
Class Sessions (45 minutes): 3 or more class sessions.
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