The student will learn the basic concepts of sound and sound waves, including vibrations and sound wave characteristics, using fun hands-on content. The Sound Lesson Plan is interactive so students can visualize and grasp the concepts, especially with the kazoo making activity that focuses on understanding and discriminating between pitch levels. This lesson features demonstration/ activities you can complete in your classroom with members of your class as helpers.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction
- Have your students close their eyes while you play them different sounds. Discuss each sound- is it quiet or loud? What do you think it is? Is it a nice sound or an unpleasant one?
- Ask students how they think sound is created and be open for a discussion. You could begin to create a KWL list as a class -a list of what you know, what you wonder and what you will learn. Tell your students the objectives of this lesson or add them to your list.
- Hand out the lesson page.
- Discuss vibrations. To show them how vibrations create sound, have them feel their own throats as they hum. Demonstrate or have students put a rubber band around an open can and pluck the rubber band so it vibrates and makes a noise.
- Next, discuss sound as it moves in waves. You can use the domino effect to demonstrate how sound waves move through particles in the air.
- Revisit your KWL list if you have one and add information.
- Do the activity making kazoos.
- Focus on the topic of pitch. Use a video or drawings on the board to show how waves are higher pitched as they get closer and lower pitch as they get further apart. Make sure students understand the concept before you move on to volume.
- As a demonstration for pitch, fill 5 glass bottles with different amounts of water and hit each one with a spoon.
- Learn about volume and wave size. To demonstrate this concept, get a speaker and place a piece of paper with uncooked rice on top. Observe how the louder the music from the speaker, the higher the rice jumps because the sound waves are bigger.
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.1.6, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.1.10, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.2.3, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.2.4
Class Sessions (45 minutes): 2-4
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