Stonehenge

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This lesson introduces students to the fascinating ancient monument in England called Stonehenge. The lesson provides several interesting facts about Stonehenge, including how archaeologists believe the original structure appeared. The people who likely built Stonehenge are mentioned in the lesson, as well as the time period in which it was built. A few possible explanations for why Stonehenge was built are listed, and students are given the opportunity to come up with their own theories on why Stonehenge was erected. The lesson may be used in conjunction with other lessons about ancient wonders of the world, England, or other history lessons.  

Stonehenge Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Stonehenge
  • Hands-on homework activities learning about Stonehenge
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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Description

This lesson introduces students to the fascinating ancient monument in England called Stonehenge. The lesson provides several interesting facts about Stonehenge, including how archaeologists believe the original structure appeared. The people who likely built Stonehenge are mentioned in the lesson, as well as the time period in which it was built. A few possible explanations for why Stonehenge was built are listed, and students are given the opportunity to come up with their own theories on why Stonehenge was erected. The lesson may be used in conjunction with other lessons about ancient wonders of the world, England, or other history lessons.  

Classroom Procedure:

  1. Ask students: What are some uses for pebbles, rocks, and giant stones?  What are some things you have done with rocks and stones?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students if they have seen rocks and stones used for monuments or other things throughout the world.
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce Stonehenge to the class.
  4. Distribute Stonehenge content pages. Read and review the information with the students.  Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  5. Distribute Activity page. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students and distribute supplies. (You may ask students to bring in stones from home.)  Students will be creating their own “Stonehenge” and will name it.  A rough draft of the monument must be designed and a short “history” of its construction and purposes will be completed, first as a rough draft and then a final copy to accompany the design.  Some rocks may need to be joined together by rubber cement or another type of glue.  Encourage students to be creative.
  6. Once completed, the students will share their designs and stories with another pair of students or with the class. Prominently display the monuments and stories.
  7. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  8. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
  9. In closing, ask students: If you lived near Stonehenge today, what reasons would you use the site? Would you like to use it for ceremonies, picnics, as a calendar or for another reason? Why?
  10. Allow for responses and discussion. Encourage students to be specific and creative for their own uses of the Stonehenge site.

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6.4

Class Sessions (45 minutes): at least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources: 

Many more teaching resources in Download!

Want more social studies resources? Check out our other Social Studies Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

Subject

Social Studies