Understanding spelling rules and patterns will allow your students to decode and build words of greater complexity, making them more successful readers and writers. Starting with basic spelling rules and patterns will create a foundation for strong writing, spelling, and reading skills. This lesson helps students recognize vowel-consonant-vowel patterns, and also the same pattern with the “silent e” at the end. Students will understand the “silent e” makes the vowel sound long. The lesson is designed in a way that allows the teacher to make connections to math or science lessons related to patterns.
Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction:
- Explain to students that they are going to get a list of words to cut out and sort. They are going to look for patterns and sort the words into groups that fit the patterns.
- Distribute TWO copies of the spelling sort for each student. Instruct them to cut out only one copy.
- Students work independently to try to read the words and sort them into patterns. It is all right if students do not successfully sort them, this is an independent attempt to see if they recognize patterns.
- Walk through the classroom and see how students have sorted. Ask questions to students to build understanding, such as “When you look at these words, what do they have in common?” “What do you notice about these words?” “How are these words alike/different?”
- Call students together after sorting independently. Ask what patterns they noticed. The should have identified patterns of VCVe and VCV (Vowel-consonant-vowel- e, and Vowel-consonant-vowel). Some of these words have a short vowel sound, but when you add an -e at the end of the word, the vowel becomes long. Terms for this CVCe pattern are “bossy e, magic e, or silent e”. Use one of these terms if you think it will help your students remember the rule.
- Lead your class in making the long vowel sounds and short vowel sounds.
- Further divide the sort into VCV with the vowel -a and vowel -o and VCVe with vowel -a and vowel -o. This will create four columns.
- As a group, create an anchor chart of the sort in the four columns. Write the spelling sort rules underneath, “In this sort, the VCV pattern has a short vowel sound. The VCVe pattern has a long vowel sound. The -e at the end makes the vowel say its name.”
- Have students write the correct sort that you completed as a class in their spelling notebooks.
- Introduce the activity “Add an E” which can be played in partners or small groups. Rules are on the activity sheet. Students will complete the activity sheet as they play.
Common Core State Standards:
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.2.3.A, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C
Class Sessions (30 minutes): 3 days of activities/instruction- recommend spending at least five days familiarizing students with words in the sort.
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