Vitamins and Minerals


The lesson introduces students to the information about vitamins and minerals, the various types needed for the body, and the foods where these essential ingredients can be found.  Many students understand the importance of eating right but may not know much about the different vitamins and minerals the body needs to function properly.  The lesson may be used in conjunction with other lessons related to nutrition and health.

Vitamins and Minerals Lesson Plan Includes:

  • Full Teacher Guidelines with Creative Teaching Ideas
  • Instructional Content Pages about Vitamins and Minerals
  • Hands-on homework activities giving students practice on identifying Vitamins and Minerals
  • Answer Keys
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Many Additional Links and Resources
  • Built for Grades 4-6 but can be adapted for other grade levels.

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The useful lesson introduces students to vitamins and minerals, why they are important for everyday health, and in which foods different vitamins and minerals can be found. The lesson briefly reviews the various systems of the body to stress the importance of vitamins. Organic, inorganic and the immune system are defined. The lesson lists several common vitamins and minerals, why they are important, and where they can be found. The lesson can be used in conjunction with other lessons related to health and nutrition.

Sample Classroom Procedure / Teacher Instruction: 

  1. Ask students: What is the difference between a vitamin and a mineral?  What is the same between a vitamin and mineral?
  2. Allow for responses and discussion. Ask students if they could name different vitamins and minerals, and how they can help with a person’s health.
  3. Allow for responses and discussion. Introduce Vitamins and Minerals to the class.
  4. Distribute Vitamins and Minerals content pages. Read and review the information with the students.   Save the final question for the lesson closing.  Use the additional resources to enhance understanding.
  5. Distribute Activity pages. Read and review the instructions.  Pair students.  Remind students that some items will have vitamins and minerals listed but may not be an ingredient showing 0 mg or 0%.  In addition, the ingredients are separated by commas which will help students with the total count.  Allow sufficient time for completion, and a wide variety of labels should be available for the students to review.
  6. Once completed, allow the students to share the information with the class, why the food item is or is not considered a healthy food option. Discuss the correlation between calorie counts and vitamins/minerals.
  7. Distribute Practice page. Check and review the students’ responses.
  8. Distribute the Homework page. The next day, check and review the students’ responses.
  9. In closing, ask students: What are some of your favorite healthy foods?  What vitamins and minerals are part of your favorite healthy foods?  What foods may you begin eating more of now?  Why?
  10. Allow for responses and discussion for each of the reflection questions. Ask students to be specific with their answers.  You may also discuss some healthy foods students may eat and the vitamins and minerals included in the food.

Common Core State Standards: 

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.7

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.7

Class Sessions (45 minutes): at least 2 class sessions

Additional Resources:

Want more science resources? Check out our other Science Lesson Plans!

Additional information

Grade Level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade